Neuropathy is a general term denoting disturbances in the normal functioning of the peripheral nerves. The causes of neuropathy are varied and so is the treatment. Many a times, the neuropathy is nearly irreparable and the treatment is generally concentrated on avoiding more development of the nerve damage and other helpful steps to prevent any problems due to neuropathy.
Neuropathies due to dietary shortages are primarily treated with the replenishment of the deficient nutrient. Neuropathies due to deficiency of vitamins like cobalamin, thiamine, pyridoxine, niacin are treated by giving the vitamin supplementation orally or by intramuscular injection of the vitamin if shortage is due to malfunctioning absorption of vitamins from the diet plan. Treatment might or may not totally reverse the neuropathy and reduce the symptoms and in many cases there is some permanent damage to nerves and persistent symptoms despite therapy.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are dealt with based on particular cause and the nerve involved. Again, each neuropathy is unique and treatment is variable.
The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other diseases is the treatment of the main illness triggering the neuropathy. If neuropathy is because of Myxedema, triggered by lack of thyroid hormone, then treatment is replacing the thyroid hormonal agent. Treatment of Diabetic Neuropathy is generally helpful. In diabetic neuropathies, some types like Mononeuropathies are reversible but a lot of are permanent. Stringent control of blood glucose levels to slow the further progression is of vital value. Other treatment is based upon the signs, like pain is managed with NSAID and many other drugs. The neuropathy associated with Rheumatoid Arthritis frequently responds to the treatment of Rheumatoid arthritis (with immunomodulators).
Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergy is avoiding the irritant food product causing neuropathy. Neuropathy may also be because of hazardous impact of certain drugs like Chloroquine, Phenytoin, many others and anti-cancer drugs. Treatment in this case is generally discontinuation of the drug or dosage reduction. There may be some particular treatment in specific cases, like neuropathy due to isoniazid can usually be avoided by providing pyridoxine together with it.
Many a times, the neuropathy is nearly permanent and the treatment is primarily focused on preventing more development of the nerve damage and other supportive measures to avoid any problems due to neuropathy.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are treated check here based on particular cause and the nerve included. The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other diseases is the treatment of the primary illness causing the neuropathy. Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergy is preventing the allergen food item triggering neuropathy.